Listening and talking is a part of every counseling session. It is important that the counselor develop an understanding of the client, the problem, and what one wants to accomplish by coming to counseling. Some counseling approaches rely solely on talking and listening. Other approaches make use of additional tools. There are many approaches available to tackle the problems clients bring. Although some approaches are generally for adults and others generally for children, age is not the only factor that determines the appropriate selection. The client and the counselor together select the approach that will be used.

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